“Man” according to The Catechism of the Catholic Church.

Sappho’s Agency  Science Fiction Novella

Yesterday, I sent my science fiction novella, Sappho’s Agency to an editor. I wrote it in response to The Catechism of The Catholic Church. My copy of The Catechism is marked up with pencil and sticky notes. The Catechism was compiled in 1994 by Joseph Ratzinger who later became Pope Benedict XVI. I have a photo of the Pope Benedict posted above my computer. He fascinates me. I cannot reconcile his bespoke red shoes and gold-encrusted vestments with the gospel. Still, I admire him for stepping down from the papacy. He’s an enigma.

English: Pope Benedict XVI during visit to São...

English: Pope Benedict XVI during visit to São Paulo, Brazil. Italiano: Papa Benedetto XVI durante visita a San Paolo, Brasile. Português: Papa Bento XVI durante visita a São Paulo, Brasil (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The opening paragraph of The Catechism chaffed at me for years. For me, the thorn, the insurmountable stumbling block, is the ambiguous use of the word “man.” Depending on the meaning of this word, the paragraph has two diametrically opposed interpretations.

Because of the ambiguity, I stopped attending mass and contributing to the offertory. I cannot in good conscious accept communion when other members of the Church are excluded from the sacraments due to sexuality, marital status, or political stance.

The Life of Man: to Know and Love God

God, infinitely perfect and blessed in himself, in a plan of sheer goodness freely created man to make him share in his own blessed life. For this reason, at every time and in every place, God draws close to man. He calls man to seek him, to know him to love him with all his strength. He calls together all men, scattered and divided by sin, into the unity of the family, the Church. To accomplish this, when the fullness of time has come, God sent his Son as Redeemer and Savior. In his Son and through him, he invites men to become, in the Holy Spirit, his adopted children and thus heirs of his blessed life.

Here is one possible meaning.

The Life of Adult Male Humans: to Know and Love God

God, infinitely perfect and blessed in himself, in a plan of sheer goodness freely created adult male humans to make them share in their own blessed life. For this reason, at every time and in every place, God draws close to adult male humans. He calls adult male humans to seek him, to know him to love him with all his strength. He calls together all adult male humans, scattered and divided by sin, into the unity of the family, the Church. To accomplish this, when the fullness of time has come, God sent his Son as Redeemer and Savior. In his Son and through him, he invites adult male humans to become, in the Holy Spirit, his adopted children and thus heirs of his blessed life.

Read this way the paragraph is a call to the exceptionality of adult males. Men are close to God in a special way which isn’t shared by women, children, or those with ambiguous gender. Men are called together as one in their special relationship to God.

My initial reaction after first reading the passage was that I’d misunderstood. Surely the church wouldn’t make male exceptionality a central tenant of Christianity.

After first paragraph, I immediately flipped to the index find a refutation of my interpretation. I didn’t find it. The index contains 126 references to man, only 6 references to women, and no references to humanity. The single reference to women’s ordination uses “man” to mean adult human male. Because only men were present at the last supper, women are excluded from the priesthood. It doesn’t make sense. If “man” means adult human male in regards to ordination surely this is the meaning of “man” throughout the entire catechism.

So here is the other possible meaning.

The Life of Humanity: to Know and Love God

God, infinitely perfect and blessed in himself, in a plan of sheer goodness freely created humanity to make them share in his own blessed life. For this reason, at every time and in every place, God draws close to humanity. He calls people to seek him, to know him to love him with all his strength. He calls together all people, scattered and divided by sin, into the unity of the family, the Church. To accomplish this, when the fullness of time has come, God sent his Son as Redeemer and Savior. In his Son and through him, he invites people to become, in the Holy Spirit, his adopted children and thus heirs of his blessed life.

The implications are quite different. If this interpretation is correct then I expect the Church should promote human equality, to act out in deed as well as in word that all people are invited, that all people are heirs, not just adult males. So which is the intended meaning?

I thought maybe it’s a translation problem. Maybe Latin lacks an inclusive word such as “humanity” or “people,” but that’s absurd. Both “humanity” and “people” are Latin words. I asked an Italian translator about this. He assured me that both Latin and Italian have inclusive words. Thus, I conclude the ambiguous use of “man” is deliberate, and so the intended meaning is “adult human male.”

This interpretation is supported by the rest of the Catechism which deny equality to women and homosexuals. This interpretation is further supported by the Church’s actions and in-actions in regards to marriage equality, ordination of woman, and women’s access to health care.

If the Church fathers intended “man” to mean “humanity,” they would have used humanity. There wouldn’t be a reason for ambiguity.

If “man” means adult human males, the Church fathers retain positions of special authority. They can’t they state this in a clear and unambiguous manner, for fear The Catechism would be rejected by nearly everyone in the Catholic Church. Instead, the Church fathers claim special authority in such a way that their words will be misinterpreted.

This deception may have failed. Many of us have left the Church. Many others have refused to vote or to act in accordance with the directives of the Church. In the US, most Catholic couples use contraceptives. Furthermore, most US Catholics support marriage equality. Possibly the Church will soon reverse its position on human equality in regards to marriage, gender, and sexuality.

But even so I wouldn’t go back. The hierarchical structure of the Catholic Church is inherently unequal, elevating a few members to positions of great power while marginalizing and denigrating many others. This is not right.


Fenrian Granola

I’m baking up a batch of granola as made on my fictional planet Fenria. Fenria’s climate is cool and wet like Alaska so Fenrians aren’t cultivating much sugar cane, corn, or wheat. They eat more oats and rye and sweetened with barley malt or barley sugar. So here is a recipe for granola made up entirely of foods which could be grown in Alaska.

Fenrian granola

Fenrian granola

Fenrian granola

Fenrian granola

  • 8 cups rolled oats.
  • 1 cup raw hulled sunflower seeds.
  • 1 cup sunflower oil.
  • 1 cup barley malt syrup.
  • 2 cups dried cranberries.

Preheat oven to 350. Combine oats and sunflower seeds in a large bowl. Measure oil  and poor into a sauce pan. Use the same measuring cup to measure the malt syrup. The oil keeps the malt syrup from sticking. Heat oil and malt while stirring to soften the malt.  . Poor oil and malt over grain mixture and stir to coat oats with oil and malt.Dump grain mixture into an oiled baking dish. Bake granola until toasty stirring every 15 minutes. Cool. Add dried fruit.

I didn’t exactly follow the recipe this time because I’m at my parents place. I used almonds instead of sunflower seeds, canola oil instead of sunflower oil, and raisins instead of cranberries.



Fishing Float Book Lanyards


I’ve made thirteen book lanyards.  Each can be used as a necklace, bookmark, or badge lanyard. I’ll be giving away six of them. If you subscribe to my newsletter before August 2, I’ll put your name in a hat. I’ll draw six names to see who gets them.

On the Alaska Marine Highway, the crew docks a ferry by throwing a leader line to waiting dock personnel. They have the hawser laid out on the deck ready to go. The personnel on the dock wear orange vests and hard hats. I love watching the procedure, a timeless dance of docking a ship. In over a thousand years not much has changed. Well, except for nylon ropes, the power capstan, and women working openly on the crew. I understand that women used to disguise themselves as men to work aboard ships.20100603_4960 20100603_496220100603_4966

I love making model boats and just had to make a miniature of the gear, so I decided to make miniature docking lines to be used as bookmarks.

Then I recalled at an SF convention seeing glass marbles incorporated into wire sculptures of trees. It had reminded me of fishing floats. I’ve attached the lanyards to miniature fishing floats, each one made of wire or hemp netted around a marble.


Book lanyard in a copy of Two Years Before The Mast


Bloomer Costume on July 4th

20140704_140031_1 (1)20140704_110927On July 4th, I wore my Bloomer costume in Delaney Park. I’ve been working on my Bloomer costume for weeks and thinking about it for years. The costume popularized in 1851 by Amelia Bloomer features a full-skirted knee-length tunic over Turkish trousers. She was the editor of the first magazine editor devoted to women’s issues. The costume didn’t become fully accepted until women took up cycling at the end of the 19th century. I was aware of this when I sold bicycles at REI and that’s when I first wanted to make a Bloomer costume as well as a 19th century ski costume.

Last year I found out that Amelia Bloomer is an Episcopalian saint, and I felt greater impetus to make a Bloomer suite. I bought patterns for A Bloomer Costume from Past Patterns and for 1896 Ripple Jacket from Truly Victorian. The ripple jacket would go well with bicycling or skiing. I put away both patterns and forgot about them until I was faced with doing voter registration. At the Anchorage Summer Solstice Celebration, I couldn’t bring myself to confront strangers about their voter registration status. I realized I’d feel differently if only I had a sandwich board or a hat. Or a costume. A Bloomer Costume!

20140704_121511Ablaze with the idea, I dug out the pattern, purchased fabric and started sewing.The result is a resounding success. I have a blue Bloomer costume with a red-and-white sash announcing, “Vote.” I haven’t actually registered any voters, but I talk to people about the history of suffrage and about the importance of voting. Suffrage means the legally recognized right to vote and run for office.  I even had my picture taken with Harriet Drummond who is running for state house.  I don’t even have to speak. My costume says it all.


Bloomer Costume

Bloomer Costume

"Bloomer" dress of the 1850s.

“Bloomer” dress of the 1850s. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In 1851 Amelia Bloomer, magazine editor, publishing article and images of an innovative new outfit, a knee length skirt over Turkish trousers. This became known as the Bloomer costume. Pictures still circulate on the web. The most popular, done by N Currier, shows a young woman clad in a red bodice coupled with white skirt and trousers. She stands in a rose garden and carries a handkerchief.

Oddly, the woman’s right sleeve is cuffed but her left sleeve is open.. The hairstyle and low neckline don’t seem to fit with the time period when loose hair was a sign of a loose woman. The image looks weird to me.


Depiction of Amelia Bloomer wearing the famous...

Depiction of Amelia Bloomer wearing the famous “bloomer” costume which was named after her (mid-length skirts over quasi-harem-pants) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Another image, this one based on a daguerreotype by TW Brown, makes more sense.The image must be an etching based on an actual photo of Bloomer. The hands and feet are in the same position in both images. I suspect that Currier copied the Brown image and gave it his own interpretation, one which harked back to the shepherdesses admired in the time of Marie Antoinette, a time when long pantalettes were risqué.

I also see a similarity between the Brown daguerreotype and another image, this one of the Mexican Spy Company drawn in 1847. Amelia Bloomer’s costume has the same sort of buttons and sash. The Mexican Spy Company fought on the US side during the Mexican American war. They were led by legendary outlaw, Manuel Dominguez. Notice the chaps, the boots, and the high crowned hat. The jacket could very nearly be a modern denim jacket.

I wonder what images Bloomer seen of the war with Mexico. Was this similarity deliberate, or is the similarity merely because of the style of the times?

In my interpretation of the Bloomer costume, I included buttons, hat, and sash inspired by the Mexican spy company. My styling is much closer to the Brown daguerreotype than it is to the Currier image.

mexican spy20140705_5034




Bloomer Voter Registration Drive

Depiction of Amelia Bloomer wearing the famous...

Depiction of Amelia Bloomer wearing the famous “bloomer” costume which was named after her (mid-length skirts over quasi-harem-pants) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

At the Anchorage July 4 Celebration in Delaney Park, 10:00 am to 4:00 pm, I’ll be registering voters while dressed in a 1851 Bloomer costume. If you’d like to join me in registering voters wear a costume from the time era between 1848, the Seneca Falls Convention and 1920, passage of the Nineteenth amendment. Steam punk costumes work great so do mountain-man buckskins. I’d like to make this an annual event.

The Bloomer costume:

In 1851, Bloomer costumes were all the rage. This style of clothing features a calf-length skirt worn over bloomers, ankle length puffy trousers. Amelia Bloomer saw the costume at the Seneca Falls Convention, the kick off for the Woman’s Suffrage movement, and popularized this reformed style of dress in her temperance Journal, The Lily. This innovation freed women from voluminous and dangerous, floor-length petticoats and crinolines. The Bloomer costume has become a symbol of the women’s suffrage movement and thus for all voting rights.

Join the effort:

Let’s celebrate diversity and inclusion. In the late 19th century, US territory had expanded to the California and the American southwest, bringing the diverse peoples of this area into our nation. Slaves were freed. Immigrants from places such as Ireland, China, and Central Europe added to our rich heritage. Let’s wear costumes representing the contributionsof these people and their struggles to achieve full citizenship. Let’s welcome new voters, particularly new citizens.

“Bloomer” dress of the 1850s. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: The counter-guerrila chief of the mex...


I’m wishing for a rendition of the Mexican Spy Company uniform. During the Mexican American War, GWar, General Winfield Scott organized an intelligence network made up of Latino men, and maybe women too. Without their efforts, most of the western United States would still be part of Mexico. I’m pushing the time window back to 1845 to include the war which made the US into a Hispanic nation and inevitably changed our national character.

Here is a link to a poster showing the uniform. http://www.barewalls.com/i/c/458272_Corps-of-Engineers-and-the-Mexican-Spy-Company-1847.jpg




Fenrian Tides Newsletter

The inaugural edition of Fenrian Tides Quarterly is ready to send out. I’ll be getting it out in accordance with the solstice and equinox tides.

I launch my first novel Sappho’s Agency February 2015. It’s maritime erotic science fiction romance, but that’s too many words so I’m calling it science fiction. If you’d like updates on when my books are coming out, sign up using the form on sidebar to the right.

Sappho and her bisexual partner Daisy, insemination specialists, have landed the case of a lifetime: arrange an anonymous liaison between the most eligible bachelor on the planet and a mysterious young woman. The purpose: to produce a child. But as Sappho and Daisy untangle the identity of the woman and the sexual fetishes of the couple, they discover systematic exploitation reaching to the very top of society. Sappho encourages the young woman to throw off political restraints and follow her heart.

Barbeque Cover

Here is a cover I made for my barbeque out of a 10ft x 12ft tarp.

I  folded in half and cut a 21″ strip out of the middle to go over the top of the barbeque. I folded the remainder in half again and measured out the side pieces then cut them out. I sewed the pieces together with 3/4″ seam allowance. I lined up the bottom hemmed parts and added pleat to the top piece to get it to match.  I finished the seams by trimmed one side of seam allowance to 1/4″, folding over the long side and sewing it down.

The cover is reversible with one side brown and the other side green. I was after the brown but if I want a change I can put green on the outside.


Fenrian Religion

Fenrian Religion

Fenrians follow the Noah Code set forth by the semi-mythical Jamie Noah, son-in-law of the great prophet Catherine Smith. The universe was created by the love between of darkness and light. These two polarities are also called Danna and Poseidon, names for the Fenrian polestars.

Humans came into being on Earth but failed to treat Mother Earth with respect, so Poseidon became angry and raised up a great flood. Noah observed the rising of the tide and loaded the faithful aboard an ark. He brought them and all terrain life across the galaxy to a new planet, Fenria.

During the Fenrian dark ages, too many woman and children died on fishing boats, so the prophet Catherine Smith taught that women should not fish, but instead should have a few children and educate them well. She developed the Fenrian alphabet, the numerical system, and the Fenrian Calendar and taught these to women.

Smith’s son-in-law, Jamie Noah founded the Fenria Seaguard. He codified Smith’s teaching and extended the Noah Code to men. It is unclear if Jamie Noah is one person, several people, or if he’s periodically reincarnated. Many Fenrians believe Teakh Noahie to be an avatar of Jamie Noah.

Religious symbols include the gnomon of a sundial and the Danna star, a twelve-point star/compass rose.

Twelve Precepts of Noah

  1. Observe the tide and you(plural) will survive.
  2. Welcome the stranger. She is your true sibling. Honor to those who assist the needy, highest honor to those who render charity to strangers and enemies.
  3. Be prepared.
  4. Respect and protect the planet Fenria. She is your mother and your home.
  5. Honor those who have gone before you, your father as well as your mother, all of your ancestors.
  6. Keep holy the new moon. Allow your sister darkness. Permit no artificial light to out shine the moon.
  7. Allow your brother silence. Do not distract him from observance of the tide. Avoid vain speech. Do not boast or gossip.
  8. Protect your sister, keep her safe.
  9. Shelter your brother, equip him to face the storm.
  10. Educate your children.
  11. Educate the children of your clan.
  12. Educate the children of strangers. Teach the way of Noah to all.

About Matriarchy and Hierarchy

Germaine Greer wrote:

“I do think that women could make politics irrelevant; by a kind of spontaneous cooperative action the like of which we have never seen; which is so far from people’s ideas of state structure or viable social structure that it seems to them like total anarchy — when what it really is, is very subtle forms of interrelation that do not follow some hierarchal pattern which is fundamentally patriarchal. The opposite to patriarchy is not matriarchy but fraternity, yet I think it’s women who are going to have to break this spiral of power and find the trick of cooperation.”

I listened to this repeatedly on Sinead O’Connor‘s Album Fire On Babylon and then started thinking. Are women really innately cooperative? Is hierarchy patriarchal? And is fraternity so strange that it seems like anarchy? Would fraternity make politics irrelevant?

I know of matrilineal cultures. They exist now in Tlingit society and also in the past in Europe. I can imagine a society which is matriarchal and fraternal. I don’t believe such a society would be necessarily good or cooperative, or that it would lack either hierarchy or politics.

In an emergency, there’s no time to take a vote or develop a consensus, so hierarchy is the right thing for emergency rescue organizations.  Hierarchy failure is in long term social planning. The hierarchical leader is incapable of knowing the needs and capabilities of each member. Only the individual has the necessary knowledge to make these personal decisions.

Consider Wikipedia. If a tzar approved every entry, the encyclopedia would come to a grinding halt, jammed by the tzar’s very human limitations. There’s not enough time in a day.  I suspect that weakness of hierarchy is responsible for much of the division within the Roman Catholic Church. The pope can’t micromanage or police 1.2 billion people.

I imagine alternative social structures and consider accountability, decision making, and power. This thinking has led me to writing science fiction.

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